David Baker Architects

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HOW-TO: Bicycle Parking


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PDF IconSf Bicycle Parking Bulletin No 9

2013.08 SF  Bicycle Parking  Bulletin  No.  9

SF BICYCLE PARKING STANDARDS

San Francisco has a new bicycle parking ordinance. This Zoning Administrator Bulletin No. 9, issued August 2013, summaruizes how to meet these requirements.

 


PDF IconDbp Bike Parking Standards V2

Dimensions for installing "staple" bike racks are critical. Here are our suggested standards.

This custom bike rack was designed for San Francisco's Mission Bay project. Though capacity is limited to one bike per rack and the round tube makes it vulnerable to pipe-cutter-equipped thieves, it looks great and supports bikes securely.

Bicycle parking is an important element in urban and building design. Well done, it encourages bike riding by giving people secure places to lock or store their bicycles.

 

Bike parking can be divided into two main classes, open parking (racks for visitors) and enclosed parking (for building residents and workers).

Racks are often improvised, as in this example in Milan.

This design integrates the bike parking with the street tree module resulting in a ordered and attractive urban street scape design.

U-rack fabricator and supplier: http://www.bikeparking.com

 

This is the standard U-rack used in San Francisco's City Bike Parking Program. This is a stainless-steel rack—an upgrade from the normal galvanized version—which I prefer. With stainless, make sure to spec no clear overcoat, which would scratch and look terrible.

U Racks

I think the standard U, or STAPLE has a utilitarian charm. 

Racks can be ganged at 24" centers, allowing two bikes per U.  The most important design criteria for U-racks is leaving clear access space on both ends.  Frequently designers put a row of racks up against a wall or other obstruction, reducing their capacity by 50%.

These O racks are a nice variation of the standard U. I'm partial to this galvanized finish which I find more interesting and authentic compared to brushed stainless steel.

Bike parking at the DbA office.

Business Bike Parking

Businesses are installing bicycle parking for their employees and customers that ride that is in the public areas instead of hidden in a garage or store room.

 

Heath Tile Factory in the Mission District of SF puts the bike parking front and center.

The interior of the Tassafaronga apartments' bike room featuring the Vertirack from www.bikeparking.com, an excellent rack design that holds the bike well and provides a good locking point. There is a bike room near the elevator on each residential level, a great way to provide convenient and secure bike parking.

Secure Bike Room Parking

This type storage is for residents and/or workers in a building.  Although it can be accomplished with U-racks, a secure bike room is a much better option.  Thieves steal bikes, and parts from bikes, even in locked garages.

A comprehensive review of indoor bike parking is available at www.transalt.org/features/bikeparking.html.

The Vertirack system is a good implementation of this concept. Manufactures web page at http://www.bikeparking.com/vertirack/.

Double height racks in the La Valentina bike room.

Located in front of the Main Library in San Francisco, this on-street bicycle parking area replaced two car spaces with 38 bike spaces (you do the math). It also cleared the sidewalks for disabled people.

Bike Corrals

As bicycle use increases in urban areas, there needs to be bike parking located in the public realm. BIKE CORRALS are starting to be a common feature in bike friendly cities. Amsterdam has a multi-level bicycle parking garage located by the main train station.

Portland uses these "Bike Corrals" to provide on street addition parking for businesses, in this case the Ace Hotel.

"Wave" racks do not provide good support or organization for bicycles. They also don't allow 3 point locking (both wheels and frame) like U racks. This fail is at one of our affordable housing designs.

Bike Parking Don'ts

Many standard racks are poorly designed, such as the "wave" rack. It's better if the rack functions well as well as looks cool (not impossible, but requires some thoughtfulness)..

But everything in Amsterdam isn't perfect!

Racks are often improvised, as in this example in Milan.

This is the standard U-rack used in San Francisco's City Bike Parking Program. This is a stainless-steel rack—an upgrade from the normal galvanized version—which I prefer. With stainless, make sure to spec no clear overcoat, which would scratch and look terrible.

The simple U-rack can accommodate three bikes in a pinch. This is a standard galvanized S.F. rack with a square tube section to thwart pipe-cutter-equipped bike thieves.

The new ductile cast iron rack for the Yerba Buena District designed by CMG Landscape architects. In editions of 30 with subtly modified designs in each version. Artful, beautiful, durable, and practical.

This design integrates the bike parking with the street tree module resulting in a ordered and attractive urban street scape design.

Our office has added a rack for visitors in the courtyard. We have several clients and consultants who ride to meetings. The steel straps on the bottom space these 3 racks at 30". this rack can hold 6 bicycles.

This zippy custom U rack is in Oakland at the Amtrak Station.

They use the U racks in Chicago even in the winter. This was a very cold day in January.

In Portland OR a fancy stainless version of their U rack, or "staple"

A nice anti-theft bolt detail on the Portland flat stainless steel bar version of their U or "staple" rack.

This new public square in downtown Portland features a nice modification of the Portland staple. The round tube might be an issue in higher crime cities where thieves are known to use pipe cutters to cut racks and steal bikes.

These O racks are a nice variation of the standard U. I'm partial to this galvanized finish which I find more interesting and authentic compared to brushed stainless steel.

These O racks are installed at our Blue Star Corner housing in Emeryville. Providing visitor bicycle parking contributed to the LEED for Homes certification this design received.

O rack with concealed attachment under the sidewalk.

The SFMTA O rack attachment is not as fancy as the way we do it, but effective. I like the stencil which is done by the rack scout before installation.

These Os were originally clamped on parking meters in Toronto. When the city upgraded to a multiple space meter and the coin meters were removed the pipe base could continue to function as a secure bike rack.

This is a prototype of a custom bike rack we designed for the h2hotel in Healdsburg from cor-ten steel.

The signature bicycle rack in Pittsburgh is inspired by the three rivers that define the plan of the city.

This custom bike rack was designd for San Francisco's Mission Bay project. Though capacity is limited to one bike per rack and the round tube makes it vulnerable to pipe cutter equipped thieves, it looks great and supports bikes securely.

This custom bike rack was designed for San Francisco's Mission Bay project. Though capacity is limited to one bike per rack and the round tube makes it vulnerable to pipe-cutter-equipped thieves, it looks great and supports bikes securely.

This is a well designed rack in Budapest. Vulnerable to pipe cutters, but a design that is clear in where the bicycle goes, and it looks sharp.

This is a nice design solution found in Berlin.

In new York City a combination bike rack, bench, and subway vent!

A very stable design.

These whimsical racks in Claremont California work well at their Metro Rail Station.

An ideal location for visitor bicycle parking: right by the front door. (Yes, the bike racks are turned the wrong way, but this is made up for by the great location.) Photographed at the mixed-use project we collaborated on in Denver, TAXI.

Heath Tile Factory in the Mission District of SF puts the bike parking front and center.

Bike parking at the DbA office.

Creative high steam-punk design bike parking at Sight Glass Coffee in San Francisco. Only those without fenders need apply.

Double height racks in the La Valentina bike room.

The bicycle parking rooms at Armstrong Place are located by the entries and feature the Vertirack II by www.bikeparking.com.

The interior of the Tassafaronga apartments' bike room featuring the Vertirack from www.bikeparking.com, an excellent rack design that holds the bike well and provides a good locking point. There is a bike room near the elevator on each residential level, a great way to provide convenient and secure bike parking.

This corridor light has been customized to be a bike room sign at Tassafaronga affordable apartments. There is a bike room near the elevator on each residential level, a great way to provide convenient and secure bike parking.

This is a bike room in a condo with staggered wall mounted racks.

LMS bike room with green obscure glass.

This illustrates a vertical wall-mounted rack. Staggering allows the bikes to be located at 18" on center.

In this condo project the developer installed wall mounted bicycle storage racks that allow owners to have two bike spaces added to their car space.

At PCL we had a large bicycle room with a low ceiling. The solution was a grid of U racks, and a bicycle room.

The Dero rack system is poorly worked out. Though one bike is specified per rack the confused design of the rack encourages people to try to hang two bikes, resulting in this mess.

Located in front of the Main Library in San Francisco, this on-street bicycle parking area replaced two car spaces with 38 bike spaces (you do the math). It also cleared the sidewalks for disabled people.

Portland uses these "Bike Corrals" to provide on street addition parking for businesses, in this case the Ace Hotel.

Portland uses these "Bike Corrals" to provide on street addition parking for businesses, in this case the Ace Hotel.

This temporary Bike Corral was set up in front of Bi-Rite Grocery on Parking Day 2009.

Cities are increasingly allowing the conversion of on street automobile spaces to bikes, a great deal at a 12:1 parking ratio!

The bike racks on the Amtrack Capitol Corridor trains are fancy and work well.

A huge bicycle parking garage by the main train station in Amsterdam. We have a long way to go here in the U.S.

But everything in Amsterdam isn't perfect!

"Wave" racks do not provide good support or organization for bicycles. They also don't allow 3 point locking (both wheels and frame) like U racks. This fail is at one of our affordable housing designs.

Architects often locate bike racks so they are too close to walls to allow bikes to be efficiently parked there.

A sturdy bicycle rack that also moves.

download links on the left.